How do I merge changes to a single file, rather than merging commits?


I have two branches (A and B) and I want to merge a single file from branch A with a corresponding single file from Branch B.


I came across the same problem. To be precise, I have two branches A and B with the same files but a different programming interface in some files. Now the methods of file f, which is independent of the interface differences in the two branches, were changed in branch B, but the change is important for both branches. Thus, I need to merge just file f of branch B into file f of branch A.

A simple command already solved the problem for me if I assume that all changes are committed in both branches A and B:

git checkout A

git checkout –patch B f

The first command switches into branch A, into where I want to merge B's version of the file f. The second command patches the file f with f of HEAD of B. You may even accept/discard single parts of the patch. Instead of B you can specify any commit here, it does not have to be HEAD.

Community edit: If the file f on B does not exist on A yet, then omit the --patch option. Otherwise, you'll get a "No Change." message.

Reset local repository branch to be just like remote repository HEAD

How does git store files?